The term Batik is an indonesian-malay word which refers to the process of dying fabric by making use of a resistant technique, covering areas of cloth with a dye-resistant substance to prevent them from absorbing colours. To make a batik, selected areas are blocked out by brushing or drawing hot wax over them, and the cloth is then dyed. The parts covered in wax resist the dye and remain the original color. This process of waxing and dyeing can be repeated to create more elaborate and colourful designs. After the final dyeing the wax is removed and the cloth is ready for wearing or showing.
Contemporary batik, while qwing much to the past, is markedly different from the more traditional and formal styles. For example, the artist may use etching, discharge dyeing, stencils, different tools for waxing and dyeing, wax recipes with different resist values and work with silk, cotton, wool, leather, paper or even wood and ceramics.
Collage, derived from the French word “coller (to glue)”, is a technique of an art production, primarily used in the visual arts, where the art work is made from an assemblage of different forms, thus creating a new whole.
A collage may include magazines and newspaper clippings, ribbons, paint, bits of colored or handmade papers, portions of other artworks or texts, photographs and other found objects, glued to a piece of paper or canvas. The origins of collage can be traced back hundreds of years, but this technique made a dramatic reappearance in the early 20th century as an art form of novelty.
The term collage was coined by both Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso in the beginning of the 20th century when collage became a distinctive part of modern art.
Watercolor is a painting method in which the paints are made of pigments suspended in a water-based solution. Watercolor painting has the reputation of being quite demanding. Unlike oil or acrylic painting, where the paints essentially stay where they are put and dry more or less in the form they are applied, water is an active and complex partner in the watercolor painting process, changing both the absorbency and shape of the paper when it is wet and the outlines and appearance of the paint as it dries. The difficulty in watercolor painting is almost entirely in learning how to anticipate and leverage the behaviour of water, rather than attempting to control or dominate it.
Vector graphics are created from points, lines, shapes and curves that are based on mathematical formulas. These elements are filled with color, blends, tints or gradients, and lines have a stroke attribute such as a solid or dashed line with different thicknesses and colours. The benefit of vector art is that it is reslution independent i.e. it can be scaled to any size, from large billboard to a business card, with no loss of detail or sharpness. Vector art is created using vector illustration software programs, such as Adobe Illustrator or Corel Draw.
5. PEN AND INK
In fine art, the term ‘pen and ink’ denotes a drawing technique involving the use of black and other colored inks which are applied to a support (generally paper) with either a dip pen or a reservoir pen. This traditional, versatile media has been used by Western artists since ancient Egyptian times, for sketches, finished drawings or ink and wash paintings. It is also one of the main mediums involved in book illustration and in Surrealistic automatic drawing.
1. High Speed Photography
High speed photography is the art of photographing a rapidly occurring event. depending on the event to be photographed, methods range from use of ultra-short time flash exposures to producing lots of exposures in a split-second. Seemingly frozen in time, a lot of photographers have their own special method of doing high speed photography. The usual photographic flash component offers a flash that lasts around a thousandth of a second (a millisecond). But photographic flash component used in high speed photography is so much quicker than this, and it creayes a flash of light around a microsecond (a millionth of a second). This lets us freeze time through pictures that are happening tremendously fast.
2. TILT SHIFT PHOTOGRAPHY
Tilt-Shift photography is a creative technique whereby a photograph of a life-size location or object is manipulated to give an optical illusion of a photograph of a miniature scale model. Altering the focus of the photography in Photoshop (or similar program) simulates the shallow depth of field normally encountered with macro lenses making the scene seem much smaller than it actually is. In addition to focus manipulation, the tilt-shift photography effect is improved by increasing color saturation and contrast, to simulate the bright paint often found on scale models. Most tilt-shift photographs are taken from a high angle to further simulate the effect of looking down on a miniature. The technique is particularly effective on buildings, cars, trains and people.
3. INFRARED PHOTOGRAPHY
Infrared, or “IR” photography, offers photographers of all abilities and budgets the opportunity to explore a new world-the world of the unseen. Our eyes literally cannot see the IR light, as it lies just beyond what is classified as the ‘visible’ spectrum-that which human eyes can detect. When we take photographs using infrared-equipped film or cameras, we are exposed to the world that can often look very different from that we are accustomed to seeing. Colours, textures, leaves and plants, human skin, and all other manner of objects can reflect IR light in unique and interesting ways, ones that cannot be mimicked with tools such as Photoshop.
4. PANORAMIC PHOTOGRAPHY
Panoramic photography, also known as wide format photography, is a special technique that stitches multiple images from the same camera together to form a single, wide photograph (vertical or horizontal). The term “panorama” literally means “all sight” in Greek and it first originated from painters who wanted to capture a wide view of a landscape, not just a certain part of it. The first panoramic photographs were made by simply aligning printed versions of film, which did not turn out very well, beacause it was close to impossible to perfectly align photographs. Today, digital panoramic photography is quite popular and common not only among landscape photographers, but also among architectural and cityscape photographers.
5. MOTION BLUR PHOTOGRAPHY
Motion blur is the apparent streaking of rapidly moving objects in a still image or a sequence of images such as a movie or animation. It results when the image being recorded changes during the recording of a single exposure, either due to rapid movement or long exposure.